When tasked with a writing assignment, students often think that the main thing is to choose an interesting topic and to expose it in an informative manner in the main body of the paper. They overlook and underestimate the introduction and the conclusion, seeing them as something that just needs to be present to give the paper a formal look. Such approach couldn’t be more wrong at its core. Conclusion, for one, is the final section of your paper, and as such, it plays the most crucial role in shaping your reader’s general impression of your writing. Since your reader is your professor, their general impression directly translates into your grade. With the realization of the importance of a solid conclusion come questions like – how to start off a conclusion? The essence of an effective conclusion lies in understanding of its fundamental goals and functions. Not to be bold, let’s give them a closer look and see what we can do with it to land you an A+.
Any manual on writing any academic paper will state that a conclusion is meant for a brief retelling of what you have written before. While it is true, but understanding conclusion merely as a gist of the main body is too literal. An experienced paper writer knows quite a few means to make a conclusion more colorful and compelling, but they are not some sacred knowledge – you can employ these simple how to start a conclusion paragraph tips, too. However, before moving on to those techniques, one needs to remember what it is all for, what an excellent conclusion does:
This checklist may seem massive in itself, and having your conclusion correspond to it may seem like quite an endeavor. But have no fear – any paper writer who has ever written anything can tell you that all the points are checked out automatically when you follow one of the well-known techniques.
Now, to the point that matters – how to start a conclusion sentence that will leave your reader in a good mood and make him ponder about your writing? Looking for how to start a conclusion example on Google will most probably lead you to results that begin with ‘in summary/conclusion,’ ‘to sum up the aforementioned,’ ‘thus,’ and others cliched phrases. They are known to be an effective way to connect parts of text logically. However, when it comes to using them in practice, the results may vary. A high school teacher may appreciate your mastery of these phrases, whereas a college professor may think that you lack creativity and could not make your narration logical without these phrases. Moreover, these cliches generally make any text look more boring than it should be. So, especially if you are an English major at college, you should avoid these cliches by all means, unless, of course, you can settle for a C. If you don’t want to settle for a C, then you are welcome to take a look at some how to start a conclusion examples that are proved to be effective:
#1 Framing. It is a favorite of many academic writers and, coincidentally, one of the ‘laziest’ how to start a conclusion examples. It suggests putting the main body of your paper into a ‘frame’ by mirroring the introduction and the conclusion. More specifically, you can mirror the thesis statement or – if you are feeling more creative – a particular person or event that you have mentioned in your introduction.
#2 Answer to a question. With most types of essays and other academic assignments, an obvious idea how to start a conclusion sentence is to restate the question from your introduction and to answer it. The terms ‘question’ and ‘answer’ should not be understood literally and directly here. If for instance, you are writing a problem and solution essay, the problem is the ‘question,' and the solution is the ‘answer’ that you put in your essay’s conclusion.
#3 Remind of the importance. If you are all out of ideas about what to put in your conclusion, a safe way is to remind your reader of how important your research is. This is an obvious choice on how to start a conclusion for an argumentative essay – to talk about how vital it is to keep the discussion about your subject ongoing and not to let it off the agenda. It will also fit perfectly for many other kinds of academic papers, especially for research papers. If you have already talked about this importance in your introduction, it doesn’t mean that you must by all means come up with something new in the conclusion. On the contrary, you can restate it in your conclusion, thus expanding upon the framing technique that we have already talked about. Alternatively, you can stress the importance of one or more of your main body elements.
All these methods of how to start off a conclusion can be utilized with pretty much any written assignment. But it doesn’t mean that you have to apply the same approach to every single written paper you ever have to submit. These assignments are quite diverse, and they all have their own specific features. In other words, most recommendations on how to start a conclusion for an essay will be applicable for other papers – research papers, term papers, master’s theses, Ph. D. dissertations, etc., but keeping in mind the peculiarities of a particular type of academic paper will help you to make your conclusion even more compelling. Here are a couple of examples.
The ways how to start a conclusion in an essay may depend on the particular type of essay that we are talking about. For instance, a personal essay (like the one you write to apply to a college) call for framing, as it both makes the read lighter and impresses your reader with your writing skills. If we talk about how to start a conclusion for an argumentative essay, on the other hand, it will be sad to miss an extra opportunity to remind your reader about how important your essay and its subject-matter are. Problem and solution essays are a no-brainer – here you start your conclusion restating the problem in just a few words and offer your solution. A compare/contrast essay is also nothing to worry about – any of our suggested methods to start a conclusion will work here, but arguably the safest (and laziest) way is to stress the importance of the striking contrast between whatever it is that you are comparing.
The main factor influencing how to start a conclusion for a research paper is its volume. In other words, you have to consider how much space you have for your conclusion. If your research paper is relatively brief – 5 pages or less, you can safely go with any of the techniques that we have listed above. If we are talking about a longer research paper – 10 or more pages, then you reader needs to be reminded of what was going on throughout the main body of your paper. Once done, you can move on to whichever conclusion technique you choose.
As important as it is, knowing how to start a conclusion for your paper is only half the battle. You still have to conclude the assignment itself. However, when you know how to start a conclusion in an essay, all that is left to do is to restate the main points/arguments from the main body of your paper and to put a full stop.